Red Clover has a high yielding ability, forage quality and suitability for silage. Red Clover has an nutritional value and voluntary intake by animals, the net affect of which leads to enhanced animal performance in different classes of stock. It has the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen in the root nodules, offering an alternative natural source of Nitrogen. Because of its deep root system it is tolerant to drought and to winter cold because of its inherent winter hardiness.
Red clover is adapted to a wide range of soil conditions and fertility but will perform best, in both forage production and nitrogen fixation, on well drained, fertile soils with a pH of 6.0 to 6.6 and non-limiting in soil moisture. When red clover has grazing pressure this will reduce the plant population due to the combination of foliage removal and plant crown damage by hoof trampling. Late flowering varieties are most tolerant of grazing than early flowering varieties as the growth buds on the plant crowns are more numerous.